Factors that a Banker/Bank Considers While Approving the Loan

The banking industry is known to many as the most reliable institution for fetching loans for various personal and professional financial needs. A loan is temporary provision of money usually at interest which has to be paid in a designated amount of time. While the job oriented banking courses in India do provide all the important educational aspects of banking, they also give some special insights about the entire loan processing and approval process as this department handles quite a lot of arduous tasks which include the screening of the borrowers, the documents furnished and even the credentials with regard to timely payment. Let’s discuss them all in detail:

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  • Credit history- As a professional with completed banking training courses, it becomes extremely important to check the credit history as it is indicative of your future repayment behavior such as the punctuality in repaying the loans. The longer the delay, the lower the score will be. Also, credit card score should also be maintained with no default in repayment. Generally, a credit score between 700 and 800 is positive whereas the credit score of less than 300 will increase the likelihood of your application being rejected.
  • Age- The age of a loan applicant is directly related to his loan getting approved. Generally, the applicant in the age group of 20’s and 30’s with a job or business of their own stand a higher chance for loan approval since they are financially stable and also have the potential to climb up the corporate ladder.
  • Income- The income is very much a reflection of your repayment capacity. Banks assess the income capacity in the backdrop of existing debt obligations, dependents, source, and duration. In this context, one of the many things the bank checks is sufficient surplus after EMI payments. If this is found wanting, the bank infers that you’re spread far too thin and likely to default. However, if the ratio is five times and above, the bank will consider you financially healthy. To strengthen your eligibility, they can also show additional sources of income, such as your spouse’s salary
  • Repayment: The banking professionals must check whether the eligible person is choosing a shorter repayment period as it stands a better chance of getting the loan approved. Several banks favor applications for a repayment period of up to five years. As the repayment period increases in five-year slabs – 10, 15, 20, and 25 years – the score reduces. So, keeping it short is the mantra in seeking that approval from a bank for a loan.
  • Margin money- This is one of the more crucial factor that the banking professionals finishing the short term banking courses in Delhi need to be absolutely sure about. Generally, banks are willing to fund up to 80% of the cost of purpose of the loan and expect the borrower to arrange for the balance. Moreover, the banking professionals also need to see if the borrower has a good existing relationship with the particular branch of the bank.

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